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Jahangir, or Jehangir, b. Aug. 31, 1569, d. Oct. 28, 1627, the fourth Mogul emperor of India, ruled from 1605 to 1627. He was the son of AKBAR and the father of SHAH JAHAN, the builder of the Taj Mahal. Although he rebelled against his father in 1599, Jahangir continued Akbar's expansionist policies after his succession; he fought long wars in the Deccan but won little new territory.

Like his father, Jahangir was a patron of the arts, especially painting and poetry. Otherwise, however, he was a cruel tyrant and, despite his Muslim faith, a drunkard and opium user. Pursuing his private pleasures, he left the running of his empire mostly to his Persian wife, Nur Jahan, who became the strong-willed dispenser of imperial justice. Jahangir's last years were troubled by frequent rebellions by his son, Prince Khurram (later Shah Jahan). It was to Jahangir's court that England first dispatched an ambassador, Sir Thomas Roe, in 1615.